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Porcelain guide

Porcelain has become indispensable - whether in the catering industry or at home. But how is porcelain actually made and what needs to be considered when cleaning it? These and other questions are addressed in this magazine article.

Eine Collage aus verschiedenen Prozellantellern

History of porcelain

In the Asian region porcelain has been produced for about 3000 years - in Europe only for about 300 years. Nevertheless, porcelain tableware was very popular in Europe from the 13th century and was long considered something special.

How is porcelain made?

Porcelain consists mainly of kaolin, feldspar and quartz. In order to shape the porcelain, there are various processes: Wet porcelain mass can be molded, liquid mass is poured, powder porcelain mass is pressed. Then the molded porcelain must be dried and fired. After that, the glaze can be applied and the porcelain can be fired again - this process makes the porcelain stable, resistant and impervious to water.

Eine Collage, die zeigt wie Porzellan durch Handarbeit herstellt wird

The porcelain can then be decorated. The inglaze has proven itself here: The decoration is applied to the already fired and glazed body. The porcelain is then fired again at a temperature of approx. 1,300°C. This process melts the glaze and the decoration sinks into it. Thus, the applied colors and decorations are permanently protected and do not fade - even when the porcelain is cleaned in the dishwasher.

Did you know?

Even in modern times, porcelain production involves a lot of manual labor!

What materials do we use for our tableware series?

Ein Bild der kompletten Porzellanserie MIXOR
VEGA Porcelain series Mixor
Ein Bild der kompletten Porzellanserie PREMIORA
VEGA Porcelain series Premiora
Ein Bild der kompletten Porzellanserie SKYLINE
VEGA Porcelain series Skyline
Ein Bild der kompletten Porzellanserie OSSORA
VEGA Porcelain series Ossora


Porcelain is mainly made of kaolin, quartz and feldspar. Due to partially reinforced edges, our porcelain is particularly resistant to signs of use.

Premium porcelain

Premium porcelain has an even higher edge impact resistance than classic porcelain. It also stacks particularly well and is very cut-resistant.

Bone china

Bone china porcelain is slightly translucent. Its creamy color is particularly characteristic. In a complex manufacturing process, animal bone ash is added, which gives it its special properties.


In addition to porcelain tableware series, LUSINI also offers stoneware tableware. Earthenware or stoneware is a hard, compact, solid-colored earthenware that has no pores. Stoneware is more brittle than porcelain, glazed but still break-resistant and suitable as tableware.

Did you know?

All our porcelain products are regularly tested according to EU Regulation (EC) No. 1935/2004 and are therefore food safe.

What is the difference between ceramic and porcelain?

Porcelain is a subspecies of ceramics. More specifically, it is the finest and most durable type of ceramic. There are other types of ceramics, for example, glass ceramics and ceramics for sanitary ware.

verschiedene Teller der Serie BILBERO mit rautenförmigen Relief am Tellerrand
VEGA Porcelain series Bilbero

Features and care

Ein Teller mit rautenförmigen Relief am Tellerrand und Besteck mit rautenförmigen Relief im Griffbereich

Our tableware series are characterized by excellent care properties:

  • Dishwasher safe:
    VEGA's tableware series are dishwasher safe. This means that the shape and color remain permanently unchanged - even with decorated and colored items.
  • Microwave safe:
    All tableware series that are not treated with the special crack-glaze process can be used in the microwave.
  • Oven suitable: Use in the oven is possible. The maximum temperature for porcelain is 300°C, for stoneware the maximum temperature is 280°C.
Our tip

Avoid sudden temperature differences! A temperature shock can damage the porcelain. Therefore, you should not rinse hot plates cold; likewise, you should avoid suddenly heating cold plates.

How do you clean porcelain?

Because of its dense surface, porcelain is very easy to clean. Stubborn dirt can therefore be easily removed. By following a few care tips, your porcelain will remain beautiful for an especially long time:

  • Be sure to dose the detergent correctly. This will preserve the shine of the porcelain and prevent lime stains. To remove limescale, you can also use vinegar water or lemon juice.
  • Tea and coffee can cause unsightly edges on the porcelain in the long run. To remove these discolorations, you can use baking soda or tooth cleaning tablets: Simply dissolve them in hot water and let them soak overnight.
  • Since the surface of the porcelain is harder than the metal of the cutlery, cutlery abrasion can occur. This is gray streaks on the glaze. However, these marks can be easily removed with a special cleaning agent for porcelain or a gentle scouring agent.
Our tip

Even with the most robust porcelain, signs of wear or breakage can occur. That's why LUSINI offers a 10-year availability guarantee on many VEGA tableware series - so you can easily replace damaged parts.